OPRD 2012-2013

2012-2013 Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance

Montenegro has submitted its application for EU membership on 15th December 2008. At the request of the Council of the European Union, on 9th November 2010, the European Commission has given its recommendation that the Council should grant Montenegro the status of candidate country. The European Council in December 2010, decided to grant the “candidate status” to Montenegro for EU membership. On 29th June, the European Council endorsed the Council of Ministers decision on the opening of accession negotiations with Montenegro. Then, during the accession period, the financial assistance that has been provided to the country under the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA), will be available under Components III and IV as well assistance under components III and IV is implemented through Strategic Planning documents (namely Strategic Coherence Framework and Operational Programmes). Their principal aim is to prepare beneficiary countries for the future use of the Cohesion policy instruments by imitating closely its strategic documents and management modes ("learning by doing" approach). Thus, multi-annual operational programmes under IPA are precursors of the operational programmes under the Structural funds regime.   

The Strategic Coherence Framework shall cover IPA Components III (Regional Development) and IV (Human Resource Development).  The Regional Development Operational Programme (OPRD)prepared for Component III shall address the specific sectors of Transport and Environment as indicated by the European Commission. The document specifies, inter alia, the objectives pursued, the fields of intervention, the expected results, the management procedures and total amount of financing planned in line with the Multi-annual Indicative Planning Document (MIPD).

The Regional Development and Human Resources Development components will be carried out under rules similar to the EU Structural Funds and will be implemented through decentralized management, subject to exante (initially) or ex-post (at a latter stage) approval by the European Commission. Under these rules, beneficiary countries will hold the main role in managing and implementing the assistance, with ex-ante or ex-post approval by the Delegation of the European Union.


The Government of Montenegro established a working team in charge of the preparation of the Operational Programme for the Regional Development Component.

For Component III, the Head of the Operating Structure is from the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, which will coordinate implementation of the OP. More directly in charge of the transport issues, the Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs is part of the Operating Structure, acting as the Body in charge of priority/measure (BRPM).

This methodology has been based on three key elements: top-down approach, bottom-up approach and the constant reference to the limitation of financial resources.